PL DLLA Calcium Phosphate Composite Combined with Macroporous Calcium Phosphate Cement MCPC® for New Surgical Technologies Combining Resorbable Osteosynthesis and Injectable Bone Substitute
Resorbable osteosynthesis based on PLLA and derivatives will be associated to bone substitute for bone reconstruction. We have performed rand evaluated a composite combining PL DLLA and Biphasic calcium phosphate able to have a), a better controlled hydrolysis in the purpose to preserve on time the mechanical property, and b), for long term efficiency, bone ingrowth at the expense of the osteosynthesis and the associated bone substitute. A new calcium phosphate cement MCPC® was tested with such composite. The novel macroporous calcium phosphate cement MCPC sets to poorly crystalline apatite after mixing the powder component and an aqueous solution. Interconnective macroporosity was induced on time by resorption of one part of the MCPC®. The multiphasic calcium phosphate components in the cement, are resorbed at different rates allowing the replacement by newly formed bone. This study reports the biocompatibility and the interactions of a composite using PL DLLA (Poly [L-Lactide-co-D,L-Lactide] acid) charged with biphasic calcium phosphate granules and a self setting calcium phosphate cement of new generation.
Guy Daculsi and Pierre Layrolle
G. Jouan et al., "PL DLLA Calcium Phosphate Composite Combined with Macroporous Calcium Phosphate Cement MCPC® for New Surgical Technologies Combining Resorbable Osteosynthesis and Injectable Bone Substitute", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 361-363, pp. 411-414, 2008