The crystalline structures of B-type carbonated hydroxyapatite (CHA) powders sintered at 700, 900 and 1100°C, respectively, were studied by Rietveld analysis of powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) data. A series of structure parameters, including lattice parameters (a and c), bond length and the distortion index of PO4 tetrahedron (Dind) were calculated by Rietveld method to characterize the fine structure of CHA. The broadening effect of XRD reflections was separated to calculate the micro-strain and crystalline size. The results showed that CHA become more stable with the increase of sintering temperature, but the CO3 2- is almost lost at temperature of 1100°C. The quantitative results about crystal structure of CHA based on crystalline structure simulated by Rietveld method are obtained.