Fabrication and Characterization of Bioactive Cancellous-Like Surface on Titanium
Bioactive porous surface on metal implants are benefit for forming the continuous interface with “mechanical interlocking” and “chemical bonding” between implants and bones. In the present study, the main attention was concentrated on fabricating a porous bioactive surface on Ti substrate. Porous surface was first fabricated by two-step etched. Then thin HA coating was deposited on the pre-treated porous Ti surface by sol-gel method and immediately sintered at 500°C for 1 hour. The structure and morphology of HA coating formed on the porous surface were characterized by thin-film X-ray diffrac- tion and scanning electronic microscopy, respectively. Rietveld method and Warren-Averbach Fourier Transfer Analysis were employed to determine the lattice parameters, crystallite size and micro-strain of HA coating. The SEM results indicated that an interconnecting porous surface with cancellous structure and mean diameter about 1/m was etched on the Ti substrate, and the surface was covered by a thin particle coating. The TF-XRD results testified that the thin coating was poor crystalline HA.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
Y. P. Tian et al., "Fabrication and Characterization of Bioactive Cancellous-Like Surface on Titanium", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 368-372, pp. 1370-1373, 2008