Nanoporous TiO2/SiO2 Composite Prepared by a Combined Sol-Gel and Hybrid Method
Titania-silica nanocomposites with different TiO2/SiO2 compositions have been prepared by a sol-gel and hybrid method from tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and tetrabutyl titanate(TBT) and β-Cyclodextrin as a pore-forming template. Drying and calcining of the hybrid xerogel can lead to the formation of nanoporous particles with surface areas in the range of 298-418 m2/g. The effect of the β-cyclodextrin concentration, the molar ratio of TiO2/SiO2 and the calcining temperature on the phase composition and structural properties of TiO2/SiO2 composites were also investigated. The results show that an increase in β-cyclodextrin concentration can lead to a decrease of the surface area and an increase of average pore size, which can be controlled by the amount of β- cyclodextrin in the hybrid sol.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
W. Y. Xu et al., "Nanoporous TiO2/SiO2 Composite Prepared by a Combined Sol-Gel and Hybrid Method", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 368-372, pp. 1497-1499, 2008