Preparation of Mg-W Graded Materials by Spark Plasma Sintering
A new kind of functionally graded materials (FGM) with density gradient has come to show great potentials as flier-plates for creating quasi-isotropic compression waves. In order to meet the demand of lower density in the front face and wider density range for such flier-plate, Mg with a density of 1.74g/cm3 and W of 19.3g/cm3 are selected to make Mg-W system density graded materials. Mg-W alloys with various mass fractions of Mg and W were sintered by spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique at low temperatures, and the processing of densification is mainly investigated. It is found that, up to 92wt%W, the Mg-W alloys can be fully densified at 873K due to the conglutination of Mg particles. The Mg-W alloys still exist as a mechanical mixture of Mg and W. Finally, the Mg-W density graded materials with a density change from 1.74g/cm3 to 10.55g/cm3 have been successfully prepared.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
Q. Shen et al., "Preparation of Mg-W Graded Materials by Spark Plasma Sintering", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 368-372, pp. 1869-1871, 2008