Nanometer La2CuO4 particles have been prepared using chemical precipitation method. The reaction mechanism, microstructure and phase composition of the samples were investigated by TG-DTA, XRD, SEM. The XRD results showed that pure La2CuO4 phase can be obtained by calcining the La-Cu-O-H precursor powders at 900 oC for 2 h, and the impurity phase will appear in the La2CuO4 ceramic as increasing the sintering temperature over 1200 oC. La2CuO4 ceramic samples sintered at 950 oC for 6 h exhibit good thermoelectric properties. Seebeck coefficient can reach 714 μV/K, and power factor is about 2.33×10-5 W/mK2.