Synthesis, Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Nanocrystalline Ni-Zn Ferrite by a Modified Wet Chemical Method
Nanocrystalline Ni1-xZnxFe2O4 ferrites with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 were prepared by sprayingcoprecipitation method. The microstructure was investigated by TG-DSC, XRD, SEM, TEM and BET. Magnetic properties were measured with vibrating sample magnetometer at room temperature. The results showed that uniform and fine nanocrystalline Ni1-xZnxFe2O4 ferrites are obtained. The grain size of sample calcined at 600°C for 1.5h is about 30nm. There are a few agglomerates with average sizes below 100nm. The specific saturation magnetization, Ms, of the sample increases with increasing Zn2+ concent x at room temperature, and the maximum Ms is 66.8 A·m2·kg-1 as the Zn2+ content x is around 0.5mol. As calcining temperature increased from 400°C to 1050°C, the Ms of Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 ferrite increases from 40.2 A·m2·kg-1 to 75.6 A·m2·kg-1. The coercivity maximum is about 5.97 kA·m-1 as its critical grain size is about 62.0nm. The relation between coercivity and grain size for nanocrystalline Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 ferrite may be explained based on random anisotropy theory.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
Y. Liu and T. Qiu, "Synthesis, Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Nanocrystalline Ni-Zn Ferrite by a Modified Wet Chemical Method", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 368-372, pp. 594-597, 2008