Electrical Properties of Sb-Doped BaPbO3 Ceramics
Sb-doped BaPbO3 ceramics were prepared by sol-gel method. The influence of Pb/Ba ratio and Sb concentration on the electrical properties of BaPb1+x-ySbyO3 (x=0.0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0≤y≤0.2) compositions were investigated. Holes and Pb vacancies were the major defects in lightly donor-doped BaPbO3, where the increase of donor concentration resulted in decrease of charge carriers (holes), leading to resistivity increasing. In the highly donor-doped conditions, the microstructure or solid solubility substituted defect structure as the main factor affecting the variety of resistivity. The lowest electrical resistivity of Sb-doped BaPbO3 was 2.69 × 10-4 /·cm when the Sb concentration y=0.12~0.13. Excess of Pb causes the born of barium vacancies. And, the observed PTCR behavior of BaPb1.2O3 involves the Barium vacancies in grain boundaries. 0.5 mol% Sb-doped BaPbO3 showed the best PTCR behavior and its Curie temperature was about 850°C.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
X. Wang et al., "Electrical Properties of Sb-Doped BaPbO3 Ceramics", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 368-372, pp. 653-655, 2008