Preparation of TiC/ Fe Surface Composite by a Casting–SHS Process


Article Preview

Steel castings with a ceramic reinforced surface layer have been prepared by a casting process combined with self-propagation high-temperature synthesis (SHS). Two material systems, Fe-Ti-C-Al and Al-Fe2O3, were selected in this paper to prepare the steel castings with a ceramic reinforced surface layer. During the process, high temperature steel melt was poured into a sand mould in which SHS performs were cast. The performs were ignited by the high temperature steel melt. As a result, an SHS reaction happened and ceramic reinforcements were synthesized inside the mould. After the penetration of the molten steel and the scattering of the ceramic reinforcement, a steel casting with an in-situ ceramic reinforced surface layer was obtained.



Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 373-374)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

M.K. Lei, X.P. Zhu, K.W. Xu and B.S. Xu




B.S. Jin et al., "Preparation of TiC/ Fe Surface Composite by a Casting–SHS Process", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 373-374, pp. 666-669, 2008

Online since:

March 2008





[1] Lu De-hong, Xu Shi-zhong, Jiang Ye-hua, ect. Fabrication and Mechanical Properties of Low Alloy Steel Composite Reinforced with In-Situ TiC Particles[J]. Foundry Technology, 2004, 25(2): 120-123.

[2] Yan You-wei, Liu Sheng-fa, Fan Xiao-ming, ect. Effects of technological parameters on microstructure of TiC-Fe cermet graded composite coating on cast steel substrate by SHS-casting route[J]. The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals, 2003, 13(1): 157-161.

[3] Ji Zhao-hui. Technology of Preparing TiC/Fe Surface Composite of Steel Castings by SHS in Process of Pouring[J]. Chinese Journal of Rare Metals, 2004, 28(1): 9-12.

[4] Xiang Xing-hua, Chen Kang-nian, Liu Zheng-yi, ect. Compositional Distribution and Mechanical Properties of Plasma Sprayed ZrO2- NiCoCrAlY Graded Coating [J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2000, 17(1): 89-92.

[5] Taylor R, Fiala J. Plasma spray deposition of graded metal-ceramic coatings [J]. Surf Coat Technol, 1992, 52(3): 211-220.

[6] Zhang S, Wu W T, Wang M C, etal. In-situ synthesis and wear performance of TiC particle reinforced composite coating on alloy Ti6Al4V[J]. Surf Coat Technol, 2001, 138 (1): 95-100.


[7] Fouilland-Paille L, Ettaqi S, Benayoun S, et al. Structure and mechanical characterization of Ti/TiC cermet coatings synthesized by lasher melting[J]. Surf Coat Technol, 1997, 88 (1-3): 204-211.


[8] Davis G, Magay J G. Cast-in-place hard facing[J]. TransAFS, 1981, 89: 385-402.

[9] Zhang Xiao-ling, Qing Xu-bo, Men Qing-hua, ect. Casting of Surface Composite with a Pressureless Permeating Method[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 1999, 16(3): 57-61.

[10] Liu Wei, Tao Jie. Preparation of Surface Metald-ceramics Composite by SHS Cast-infiltration.