The unitary thermal insulation fiber materials can not satisfy rigorous high temperature environment usually. New inorganic coatings were prepared by adding SiO2 aerogels super-insulation powder into high temperature adhesive. Aerogels are high dispersive solid materials which consist of colloid particles or high polymer molecule and have continuous random network structure filling with gaseous dispersive medium. The coatings with super insulation function were made by means of adding thermal-proof materials to the coatings. The microstructure of light porous power and the states of coatings on the surface of fiber paper under different state were observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The insulated effect of the composite materials was tested by considering thermal conductivity. On the basis of this, the coatings on the surface of fiber paper were optimized according to the material thermal-insulation performance and the materials that could be satisfactory to the service conditions were made in the end. The results show that silica aerogels powder is dispersed equably in high temperature adhesive. The new inorganic coatings possess themselves of good thermal-insulation effect and can be used as insulated space-layers. The insulation ability of fiber paper is improved obviously.