Design of Surface Finish Using Compound Processes of Grinding and Electrochemical Finishing Following Turning
A new finish method uses an effective electrode connecting with a nonconductive grinding tool to execute the design of compound processes of electrochemical finishing and grinding following turning is investigated. The submitted processes can be used for various turning operations. Through simple equipment attachment, electrochemical finishing and grinding can follow to execute the finishing process on the same machine. Among the factors affecting electrochemical finishing the performance of grinding combined with electrochemical finishing is primarily discussed. In the experiment, the electrode is used with continuous and pulsed direct current. The grinding tool moves following the electrode and grinds the workpiece surface. The experimental parameters are electrical current rating, feed rate of electrode and grinding tool, rotational speed of workpiecel, pulsed period, and geometry of finish-tool. The results show that pulsed direct current with longer off-time can slightly improve the finish effect for its dregs discharge mobility. Using an adequate rotational speed of workpiece with high rotational speed is advantageous to the finish effect. A thinner plate-form electrode with a smaller end radius is associated with larger discharge space and produces higher current density and provides faster feed rate and a better finish effect. The grinding can effectively increase the finish effect. An effective and a low-cost finish process through the design electrode and using the grinding assistance in the electrochemical finishing after turning process make the surface of workpiece smooth and bright.
M.K. Lei, X.P. Zhu, K.W. Xu and B.S. Xu
P. S. Pa, "Design of Surface Finish Using Compound Processes of Grinding and Electrochemical Finishing Following Turning ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 373-374, pp. 782-785, 2008