Reinforcement of Aluminum by TiB Dissolution
Interactions between solid materials and liquid aluminum lead to a dissolution of solid elements into aluminum, which in turn results in a subsequent growth of intermetallic and intermediate phases. It was established that the growth of the intermetallic phases could be governed by chemical reactions at the interfaces and by interdiffusion of the reacting elements through the different phases. Dissolution on the other hand mainly depends on thermodynamic conditions, experimental parameters such as temperature, stirring time, and reacting holding time and on the degree of the saturation of aluminum as well as on the chemical composition of the solid materials in the reaction zone. The above-mentioned factors play also an important role in the formation of the different phases during dissolution. Nevertheless, a non-uniform distribution of the solute elements may causes a local concentration of these elements into the liquid aluminum, which practically delays the process or alters the equilibrium of the growth of the phases. Thus it is crucial to control the dissolution conditions so that the instabilities induced at the solid materials/aluminum interface are limited. The main objective of this study was to investigate both the formation of intermetallic and intermediate phases in the reaction zone and to examine the development of the diffusion structures of pure aluminum reinforced with TiB particles and to investigate the mechanical properties of the as-produced composite materials.
H.S. Lee, I.S. Yoon and M.H. Aliabadi
P. Agrianidis et al., "Reinforcement of Aluminum by TiB Dissolution", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 385-387, pp. 785-788, 2008