Ceramics has many advantages that cannot be substituted by metals, but its machining induced defects, such as crack and crater, are the obstacle of using ceramics in engineering. Thus, the further studies on the materials removal mechanism of ceramics should be done. As known, the cutting theory of metals is very successful and it is helpful to understand the material removal mechanism of ceramics. Through doing comparative experiments, the material removal mechanism of ceramics may be more deeply ascertained. Four types of material, such as ZrO2, SiC, STAVAX and SKD11, were ground by ELID (ELectrolytic In-process Dressing) method in this study. The grinding forces, roughness and topography of the ground surface were investigated. On the basis of this experiment, the difference of material removal mechanism between ceramics and steels was explained.