At present, crankshafts are finished mostly by abrasive cloth and manual steel brush, which is not ideal on finishing quality, efficiency and cost, especially cleanness degree does not meet design and use request. So a new horizontal spindle barrel finishing for crankshafts has been developed. To contrast the finishing effect, surface geometric characteristic, physical-mechanical property, cleanness degree etc. are analyzed, which indicates this process can comprehensively improve the surface integrity of crankshafts’ part. Simultaneously, this process can decrease cost, reduce labour intensity, improve efficiency, and easy to automation. Its application has wide economic and social benefits.