In Vivo Biological Behavior of Calcium Phosphate Cements with Different Ca/P Ratio
Bioceramics with different Ca/P ratio were prepared from a mechanical mixture of NaPO3, CaCO3, Ca(OH)2 and phosphate buffer solution and implanted in rats subcutaneous tissues. The cements were characterized by Thermogravimetric analysis (TG-TDA), X-ray diffraction and 31P-NMR. The implant sites were excised after 1, 4 and 16 weeks, fixed, dehydrated, included in paraffin wax for serial cutting and examined under the light transmitted microscope. They were biocompatible and biodegradable when implanted in rat subcutaneous. None of the materials induced ectopic osteogenesis. According to the results, the studied materials seem to be able for manufacturing reabsorbable bone implants.
Marcelo Prado and Cecília Zavaglia
S. Saska et al., "In Vivo Biological Behavior of Calcium Phosphate Cements with Different Ca/P Ratio", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 396-398, pp. 237-240, 2009