Porous granules without organic residues were produced from bovine medular anorganic bone. Sample showed carbonate content and crystalline order similar to natural bone. The cytotoxicity of anorganic bovine xenograft (Ossĕus®) was valuated from fibroblasts (1.5x104/cm2) cultured in serial diluted extract (0 – 100%) of Ossĕus plus 10% of fetal bovine serum (FBS). Pure extract (100%) reduced in 15% the number of viable cells (p<0.05, ANOVA, Tukey test) indicating very low cytotoxicity. Samples were implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of mice in order to evaluate tissue reaction. An organized connective tissue in contact to the granules was observed nine weeks after implantation. The anorganic bovine xenograft (Ossĕus®) was biocompatible and its behavior and osteoconduction potential should be evaluated in bony defects.