Synthesis and Characterization of Siloxane-Polyurethane Hybrid Materials
This paper focuses on the preparation of siloxane-polyurethane hybrid materials using a sol-gel method. The global aim of the project is to tailor mechanical properties, degradability rate, bioactivity and biocompatibility to design scaffolds for musculoskeletal applications. A series of seven hybrid materials were synthesized with varying the proportion of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), and Polyurethane (PU). The organic part ratios (by weight) employed were (% PDMS:% PU) 30:0, 35:5, 20:10, 15:15, 10:20, 5:25, and 0:30. The organic part was reacted with constant 70 % TEOS to obtain the hybrid materials. A sol-gel process was selected for the synthesis of the hybrids. The characterization of materials was carried out by the fourier-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), x-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) techniques in order to analyze the structure, microstructure and chemical composition of the hybrid materials. Gelification time depends on the proportion of PU used. When no PU is employed, the gel time is 8 hours but it rises up to 18 days for 30 % of polyurethane. Materials range from opaque to translucent but with a greater fragility for greater amounts of polyurethane. No differences in the bonding of materials could be appreciated.
Marcelo Prado and Cecília Zavaglia
R. Jiménez-Gallegos et al., "Synthesis and Characterization of Siloxane-Polyurethane Hybrid Materials", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 396-398, pp. 481-484, 2009