Properties of Nanostructured 3Y-TZP Blocks Used for CAD/CAM Dental Restoration
Several CAD/CAM systems are available to dental prosthesis laboratories which can be used to fabricate all-ceramic copings and frameworks. The use of these systems presents low demand, due principally the high blocks ceramics cost used for theses systems. Usually, these ceramic blocks are sintered at high temperatures, between 1450 and 15500C, resulting in micrometric ZrO2 microstructure. A considerable innovation in these ceramics systems used in CAD/CAM applications was introduced by the use of nanometric-tetragonal ZrO2 blocks, which are sintered at low sintering temperatures resulting in nanometric grains morphology and improved mechanical properties. The purpose of the present work is to characterize the mechanical properties of nanoparticled zirconium oxide blocks comparing with commercial micrometric ceramic parts. XRD patterns showed that the blocks have only the tetragonal-ZrO2 as crystalline phase. The tetragonal-monoclinic transformation phase was responsible for the excellent mechanical properties. Nanometric blocks presented hardness of 13GPa, fracture toughness of 11MPam1/2 , bending strength of 1020MPa and Weibull modulus, m=14, while micrometric ZrO2 blocks similar hardness, fracture toughness 8.5MPam1/2, bending strength of 850MPa and Weibull modulus of 10.
Marcelo Prado and Cecília Zavaglia
C. dos Santos et al., "Properties of Nanostructured 3Y-TZP Blocks Used for CAD/CAM Dental Restoration", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 396-398, pp. 603-606, 2009