. Lots of new automatic polishing methods and equipments have been developed to solve the problem of low efficiency and quality in the traditional handwork curved surfaces polishing. However, these methods and equipments are complex and difficult to be applied in the industrial production. This paper proposes a new technology of rotate surface compliant polishing based on NC lathe cutter radius compensation. An efficient and compact rotate surfaces compliant polishing system is developed, which consists of a NC lathe, flexible polishing tool, workpiece, fixture and also the automatic programming software MASTERCAM. The polishing tool-path and NC code can be created in MASTERCAM. The value of the cutter radius compensation can also be set in NC code, so that the rotated surfaces can be polished by a traditional NC lathe. Experiment of polishing the aluminum sphere workpiece is taken, and the satisfying surface quality is achieved.