In this paper, the influence of deep cryogenic treatment (DCT) on mechanical properties of two commercial steels is analysed. Hardened AISI 302 stainless steel and 18NiCrMo5 carburized steel specimens were subjected to DCT after standard treatments. For both materials, the fatigue behaviour is a key property considering their usual applications requirements. Surface hardness, tensile properties and axial fatigue resistance of both materials were measured and compared with and without DCT. From the analysis of the experimental results and from their interpretation in the light of the previous literature, some useful indications are obtained about the DCT potential fallout on design and construction of structural components.