We investigated the crystallization behavior of langasite-type phases in the stoichiometric corresponding glasses, i.e., Na2CaGe6O14, Na2SrGe6O14 and Pb3Ga2Ge4O14. The langasite-type phases singly were formed by heat-treatment in the glasses. Raman spectroscopy revealed the structural similarity on the scale of short-/medium-range order between the langasite-type phases and the corresponding glasses. Furthermore, we also examined the temperature dependence of second-harmonic (SH) intensity of the langasite-type phases. The SH-temperature curves exhibited an anomalous behavior, implying a structural change, e.g., isomorphous phase transition.