Creep and Stress Relaxation of Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Aerogels
Organic/inorganic hybrids silica aerogels were synthesized by the classical sol-gel method with application of high power ultrasounds to the liquid mixture. Precursors were tetraethoxysilane (TEOS), as inorganic phase, and polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS), as organic one. These hybrid organic-inorganic materials are known as ORMOSIL (ORganically MOdified SILicates). Monolithic aerogels were obtained by supercritical drying in ethanol. Failure tests by uniaxial compression shows an increase of the rupture modulus as well as a decrease of the Young’s modulus with the polymer content, tuning from a brittle solid to a rubbery-like one. These hybrid aerogels behave as elastomers showing a decrease in the relaxation viscoelastic modulus. Nanoindentation tests have been performed in these hybrid aerogels: load/unload cycles about 1.5 mN of maximum load have shown a decreasing value of the reduced modulus, as well as both plastic and elastic work with the organic content, while hardness remains almost constant. Elastic recovery parameter rised with the increasing organic content. Results from creep tests made with uniaxial compression configuration are discussed and compared with nanoindentation. Viscoelastic behavior of these hybrids materials can be described by a rheological model.
Nicolás de la Rosa Fox
N. de la Rosa-Fox et al., "Creep and Stress Relaxation of Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Aerogels", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 423, pp. 167-172, 2010