Si3N4/BN Composite Ceramics with Nd2O3-Al2O3-Y2O3 Ternary Additives by Pressureless Sintering
Si3N4/BN composite ceramics with 25vol% h-BN were prepared by pressure-less sintering process with Nd2O3/Al2O3/Y2O3 as sintering additives. The effects of these ternary additives on the densification behaviors and mechanical properties were investigated. XRD and FESEM were used to investigate the α-β phase transformation and microstructure. The XRD results showed that α-Si3N4 has transformed to β-Si3N4 completely in all the samples during the pressureless sintering process. The line shrinkage increased with the Nd2O3 contents increasing, and the highest line shrinkage (7.75%) was observed when 4wt% Nd2O3 was added, then decreased. The same trends were observed in flexural strength and fracture toughness testing. The ternary additives of Y2O3-Al2O3-Nd2O3 could improve the density, strength and fracture toughness of the material effectively.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
P. Liu et al., "Si3N4/BN Composite Ceramics with Nd2O3-Al2O3-Y2O3 Ternary Additives by Pressureless Sintering", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 434-435, pp. 106-108, 2010