In present work, ceria microspheres were synthesized by template hydrothermal method. Crystalline form of the as-synthesized ceria microspheres was defined by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Dispersibility of ceria microspheres was comprehensively characterized using scanning electron microscope (SEM) observation and laser particle size analyzer. Furthermore, the ultraviolet light absorption performances of ceria microspheres with several different sizes were compared by ultraviolet visible spectrophotometer. The results showed that ceria microspheres presented excellent UV absorbent property and the size influence was remarkable.