This work used nanoindentation to characterize the local mechanical properties of the multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) reinforced aluminum (Al) composites. The Al-MWCNT (0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 wt.%) specimens were fabricated by spark plasma sintering (SPS) followed by hot extrusion. Different local regions of the as-extruded and tensile-fractured specimen over the longitudinal and transverse section were studied by nanoindentation. The nanoindentation results were compared with the conventional macro- and mircoscopic mechanical tests, and were found in good agreement. The values of hardness (H) and elastic modulus (E) obtained reached maximum at the 0.5 wt.% MWCNT adding Al samples. E was highest in the necking region then decreased with increasing distance from the localized deformed region; while H varied in different regions. In the same region, H and V were higher in the longitudinal than those in the transverse direction, due to the texture hardening and alignment of CNT.