Fabrication of Dense Composite Ceramic Electrolyte SDC-(Li/Na)2CO3
Composite electrolytes made of samarium-doped cerium (SDC, Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9) and (67 mol% Li/ 33mol% Na)2CO3 carbonate salts were investigated in relation to their structure, morphology and porosity of the electrolyte. The fabrication of the SDC–(Li/Na)2CO3 composite electrolytes were achieved in two steps: step (1) preparation of the samarium-doped cerium powders by sol-gel; step (2) mixing of the samarium-doped cerium with carbonates in various compositions by solid state reaction. The electrolyte pellets were compacted at different pressures (25 and 50 MPa) and sintered at 600oC, 700oC and 800oC. The XRD results demonstrated that the introduction of carbonates did not change the SDC phase structure. FESEM images showed that the carbonate component was amorphous and well distributed in the SDC. The lowest porosity (2.92%) was achieved for samples with carbonate content of 30% (SDC7030) sintered at 800oC and cold pressed at 50MPa.
Jianhong Zhao, Masanori Kunieda, Guilin Yang and Xue-Ming Yuan
R. Jarot et al., "Fabrication of Dense Composite Ceramic Electrolyte SDC-(Li/Na)2CO3", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 447-448, pp. 666-670, 2010