Tracking Error Transform in Parallel Kinematic Machining
Parallel kinematic machine tools (PKM) are developed to increase dynamic parameters for high speed and high accuracy machining to gain short lead times and high productivity. One of the most important components of machine tools is the numerical controller (NC). Most NCs are organized in a cascaded structure, comprising the position, velocity and current loops. Commonly applied servo controllers generate tracking errors in each axis. These tracking errors are a significant factor that affects machining accuracy, beside geometric machine errors, vibrations, temperature changes and tool errors. In this paper the contour error originated from servo tracking controller in Cartesian kinematic machine tools (CKM) with perpendicular arranged machine axes and PKM is presented. The effects of the forward transformation of the tracking errors in PKM are addressed with experiment and simulation results. The servo tracking effect on trace accuracy is discussed by a tripod mechanism and radial deviations are measured with double ball bar method (DBB).
Daizhong Su, Qingbin Zhang and Shifan Zhu
G. Amirian et al., "Tracking Error Transform in Parallel Kinematic Machining", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 450, pp. 585-588, 2011