Advances in the Development of Carbidic ADI


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Carbidic ADI (CADI) is a new type of Austempered Ductile Iron containing free carbides in the microstructure, providing a particular combination of wear resistance and impact toughness. In this work, four CADI variants were evaluated, in which carbides were promoted by alloying with chromium. Tests performed under the low stress abrasion condition imposed by the ASTM G65 standard show that CADI can increase the wear resistance up to 100 % when compared with conventional ADI austempered at the same temperature. The carbide content must be higher than 10 % to promote a considerable reinforcing effect. However, at this carbide content level, the impact toughness varies between 7 and 11 J/cm2 for unnotched samples. These values are much lower than those of conventional ADI, but higher than those of other abrasion resistant materials, like white irons. Some CADI variants were also evaluated in field tests, producing abrasion under either low stress or high stress conditions. For this purpose, two CADI prototype parts were studied: screw segments for animal food extruders (low stress abrasion) and wheel loader bucket edges (high stress abrasion). The results gathered showed that CADI behaves satisfactorily under low stress abrasion, but the performance is not so good under high stress conditions. To analyze the differences in the abrasion response, scratch tests were performed in order to evaluate the interaction between the abrasive tip and the microstructure.



Edited by:

Adel Nofal and Mohamed Waly






L. Sebastián et al., "Advances in the Development of Carbidic ADI", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 457, pp. 187-192, 2011

Online since:

December 2010




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