Crack Closure Behavior under High-Load Ratio for AISI 4340 Steel
In this paper, fatigue crack growth rate (FCGR) analyses were conducted on compact specimens of an AISI 4340 alloy to study the behavior over a range in load ratios (0.1 ≤ R ≤ 0.95) and constant maximum stress intensity factor (Kmax) condition. Previous study had indicated that high R > 0.7 and constant Kmax test conditions near threshold conditions were suspected to be free of crack-closure and that any differences were caused by Kmax effects, from threshold to near fracture conditions. Cracks in high-cycle fatigue (HCF) components spend a large portion of their fatigue life near threshold conditions. In order to characterize the evolution of damage and crack propagation during these conditions, fatigue crack growth rate (FCGR) data at threshold and near-threshold conditions are essential in predicting service life and in determining the proper inspection intervals. Fatigue crack growth model, namely the Forman model were examined, this model implicit the effect of R ratio and ease of curve fitting to measured data. The Forman model may be suggested for use in critical applications in studying fatigue crack growth for different load ratios.
Ahmad Kamal Ariffin, Shahrum Abdullah, Aidy Ali, Andanastuti Muchtar, Mariyam Jameelah Ghazali and Zainuddin Sajuri
M. A. Razzaq et al., "Crack Closure Behavior under High-Load Ratio for AISI 4340 Steel", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 462-463, pp. 54-58, 2011