Durability of R/C Structures under Mechanical and Environmental Action
In the present work, an experimental campaign on reinforced concrete elements subjected to simultaneous loading and degradation due to corrosion is presented. The specimens are loaded in tension and the cycling action is designed in order to simulate in terms of stress peak and stress variation, the effect of the passage of vehicles under fatigue design situations. The environmental action is simulated by means of corrosion induced with an electrochemical process; the corrosion rate is chosen in order to obtain about 27 years of equivalent carbonation attack within 25 days of test. In the mean time, 6.5·106 loading cycles are achieved. In addition to those standard tests, also other static tests were conducted in order to have a comprehensive analysis of the deterioration processes. Evolution of transversal crack due to loading and of longitudinal cracks due to corrosion is monitored. They can be related to the internal bond condition between steel and concrete. Results highlight the differences in terms of corroded and uncorroded specimens, static and cycling test and also different loading amplitude. Finally it can be observed as the growing of the damage is significantly different when a cycling action, combined with a chemical attack, is present.
Ahmad Kamal Ariffin, Shahrum Abdullah, Aidy Ali, Andanastuti Muchtar, Mariyam Jameelah Ghazali and Zainuddin Sajuri
L. Giordano et al., "Durability of R/C Structures under Mechanical and Environmental Action", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 462-463, pp. 949-954, 2011