Peierls stresses P of a variety of pure crystals, bcc metals, NaCl type crystals, elemental and compound tetrahedrally coordinated crystals, intermetallic compounds and ceramic crystals, have been estimated from the critical resolved shear stress (c) vs. temperature curves. For high P crystals where CRSS data are available only at high temperatures, P has been estimated from the critical temperature T0 at which steep temperature dependence of c vanishes: T0 is related to the kink-pair formation energy which is a function of P, material parameters and dislocation character controlling the deformation. The estimated p/G values are semi-log plotted against h/b value, where G is the shear modulus, h the slip plane spacing and b the Burgers vector. Two facts should be noted. First, P/G values for a group of crystals with the same crystal structure are within a range of a factor of 10. Second, most of the data points lie in between the classical Peierls-Nabarro relation and the Huntington’s modified relation. These facts indicates that Peierls stress is primarily determined by the crystal structure.