Fabrication and Characterisation of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ-SDC Composite Cathode
Composite cathode is a promising material to be used as electrodes in fuel cells. The fabricated composite cathode materials in this study are comprised of a mixture of submicron La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3- (LSCF6428) powders with two types of nanoscale ionically conducting ceramic electrolyte materials, samarium-doped ceria (SDC) and SDC-carbonate (SDCc). 30 – 50 wt% of electrolyte materials are added to the LSCF6428 cathode via the solid state method. The composite powders were ball-milled in ethanol and calcined at the temperature range of 800°C to 900°C for 2 hours in air. The composite cathode powders are characterised in terms of morphology and crystal structure. It is found that after calcining, the LSCF and the electrolyte materials retained their original structures as there was no chemical reaction between the two components. In addition, the LSCF-SDC composite cathode powders were found to exhibit a narrower distribution in size compared to the LSCF-SDC carbonate powders.
S.M. Sapuan, F. Mustapha, D.L. Majid, Z. Leman, A.H.M. Ariff, M.K.A. Ariffin, M.Y.M. Zuhri, M.R. Ishak and J. Sahari
H. Abd Rahman et al., "Fabrication and Characterisation of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ-SDC Composite Cathode", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 471-472, pp. 268-273, 2011