Retrofitting Pre-Cracked RC Beams Using CFRP and Epoxy Injections
The applications of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) in construction have been grown drastically in the last 20 years because of the wide range of advantages and benefits of using CFRP in buildings, bridges and other type of structures. Nowadays, it is used for retrofitting concrete, masonry, steel and timber structures to resist both static and dynamic loads. Since the cost of replacing an existing structure is far more expensive than using FRP materials to strengthen it, CFRP strengthening techniques seem to be cost effective and easy to implement. Numerous experimental and numerical studies have been conducted to investigate the flexural and shear performance of uncracked reinforced concrete (RC) members externally strengthened with CFRP laminates or strips. However, the most practical usage of CFRP is to retrofit sections that had already been cracked and in need of maintenance. The fact that there have been limited studies to investigate the behavior and performance of pre-cracked beams strengthened with CFRP systems necessitated new and further investigations. In this study, the flexural performance of cracked RC beams retrofitted with CFRP plates and epoxy injections are investigated. The results of the cracked beams are compared with two control beams, a virgin un-strengthened beam and an uncracked beam strengthened with a CFRP plate covering 90% of the beam’s span. Load-midspan deflections for these beams were generated and compared. It is observed that the retrofitted cracked beams displayed more strength than the control beam. The results presented herein can aid designers in establishing a better understanding of the flexural performance of pre-cracked beams and how to economically retrofit such structural members.
S.M. Sapuan, F. Mustapha, D.L. Majid, Z. Leman, A.H.M. Ariff, M.K.A. Ariffin, M.Y.M. Zuhri, M.R. Ishak and J. Sahari
R. Hawileh et al., "Retrofitting Pre-Cracked RC Beams Using CFRP and Epoxy Injections", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 471-472, pp. 692-696, 2011