Lay-Up Design of Low Wind Speed Composite Turbine Blade
Glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) is a common composite material used for wind turbine blades because of its good strength to weight ratio. This paper describes the design process of GFRP material for a low wind speed (LWS) turbine blade. The wind turbine analyzed in this study is a 3-blades horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) with NACA 4415 airfoil and rotor diameter of 5 m. Parameters for the blade are thickness of skin and spar, lamination angle, and stacking sequence of the laminae. The design approach uses Carpet Plot Method based on Tsai-Hill failure criteria. Materials analyzed in this study are unidirectional E-glass fiber/epoxy composite and plain weave woven roving WR200 E-glass fiber/epoxy composite. There are 15 material configurations analyzed using a finite element software. The result shows top five of the composites configuration consisting of minimum 3 plies of 0°/90 direction fiber for the skin and ±45° direction fiber for the spar. The optimum configuration is [(0/90)]3 for the skin and (±45) for the spar both using plain weave woven roving WR200 E-glass fiber/epoxy composite. This configuration has margin of safety of 1.42 based on maximum principal stress and maximum deflection of 346 mm which is 0.14 of the total blade length. The predicted overall weight of the blade is 1.52 kg.
S.M. Sapuan, F. Mustapha, D.L. Majid, Z. Leman, A.H.M. Ariff, M.K.A. Ariffin, M.Y.M. Zuhri, M.R. Ishak and J. Sahari
I. H. Nugroho et al., "Lay-Up Design of Low Wind Speed Composite Turbine Blade", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 471-472, pp. 981-986, 2011