The Low-Cycle Fatigue Strength of Laser-Welded Ultra-High-Strength Steel
The UUltra -high -strength (UHS) steels are used in booms, transport vechicles and other light weight structures. It is well -known that it is possible to achieve a strong weld statically, as the base material, by using laser welding as a weld method . The design strength of the light weight structure is often rather high. In the case of booms and transport vechilevehicles, there can be very high dynamic forces in the structure. Therefore it is necessary to study how much fatigue stress the weld seam can resist and at the same time find the optimal welding parameters. The 4 mm bainitic-martensitic UHS steel was welded with laser without filler material to lasercut seam edges by using different weld parameters. Argon gas was blown by pipe onr coaxial nozzle near the key hole and through a 60 mm gas nozzle after the keyhole. Also, the root side of the weld was shielded with argon. The welds were tested by using the bending fatigue test. The test stresses were 800 MPa and 700 MPa. The fatigue strength results showed that with the laser welded seams, the number of cycles wereas about three times lower than with the base material. The fatigue strength was slightly better in welds which were welded with lower energy input. In the case of the weld seam which was welded with lowest energy input by using 300 mm optics, there was some incomplete penetration due to tooexcessively high surface roughness ofat the weld seam edges.
J.R. Duflou, R. Clarke, M. Merklein, F. Micari, B. Shirvani and K. Kellens
M. Keskitalo et al., "The Low-Cycle Fatigue Strength of Laser-Welded Ultra-High-Strength Steel", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 473, pp. 281-289, 2011