A Small World Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks
In order to reduce the average path length of the wireless sensor networks (WSNs) and save the energy, in this paper, the concept of the small world is introduced into the routing designs of WSNs. So a new small world routing protocol (SWRP) is proposed. By adding a few short cut links, which are confined to a fraction of the network diameter, we construct a small world network. Then the protocol finds paths through recurrent propagations of weak and strong links. The simulation results indicate that SWRP reduces the energy consumption effectively and the average delay of the data transmission, which leads to prolong the lifetime of both the nodes and the network.
W. J. Xu et al., "A Small World Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 474-476, pp. 828-833, 2011