Effects of Reducing Sodium Chloride Concentration on the Results of Coulomb Electric Flux
For reducing the consumption and pollution of the sodium chloride (NaCl), the effect of reducing the NaCl concentration on the result of coulomb electric flux were studied. Three typical proportions of concrete and mortar were used to investigate the effects on the results of coulomb electric flux when the NaCl solution is from 3.0% to 1.0% and 0.5% by mass, respectively. The coulomb electric flux for 6h and 18h and chloride ion penetration depth for18h were studied in this experiment. The results are as followings: (1) it is a little effect on the 6h and 18h coulomb electric flux value of concrete and mortar to use1.0% by mass NaCl solution instead of 3.0% by mass NaCl solution, and the error is less than 5%. It was suitable to use 1.0% NaCl solution by mass. (2)The influence of water-binder ratio (W/B) and test time on coulomb electric flux is related to the porosity and pore connectivity. The lower the W/B, the smaller the coulomb electric flux is; the ratio of coulomb electric flux of 18h to that of 6h was about 2.8 ~ 3.0, and the ratio increases with the water-binder ratio. (3) It is not suitable to use the test results of mortar specimens to count the results of concrete specimens, but can use the results of mortar specimens to estimate the anti-chloride performance of different binder. The suggested test method is that using 0.5% or 1.0% by mass NaCl solution, water-binder ratio is 0.38 and binder-sand ratio is between 1:1.5 and 1:1.8. The best binder-sand ratio and other test parameter need to be determined by more research.
Hui Wu, Xiao-Qian Qian, Chong-zhi Li and Fei Li
M. Lu et al., "Effects of Reducing Sodium Chloride Concentration on the Results of Coulomb Electric Flux", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 477, pp. 388-392, 2011