In this paper, wooden doors and windows often decorated manor house as the research object, by analyzing the types, forms, and other decorative techniques, revealing the traditional architectural Shanxi reflected the deep cultural connotation, and the wood used in building, it is the practical and a combination of aesthetics, but also building the spirit of the carrier. Shanxi often manor house is a typical style of a northern Shanxi Merchants in Ming and Qing buildings. After nearly a century of uncompromising attention to quality as a building lasts. Shanxi pay attention to "roots", fortune after the regular family invested huge capital to build their own homes, therefore, often family has strong strength to his own aesthetic ideal, cultural awareness, spiritual pursuit, and local folk customs and so concentrated on their own construction and architectural decoration. Through the construction and decoration can be seen often at home that year strong economic strength, and their aesthetic, the pursuit of morality and local customs, should be studied in depth. Residential buildings have doors and windows. Door for people to access the main building; windows, mainly used for indoor ventilation and lighting. Ming and Qing Dynasties, construction of columns, beams, brackets and roof shape and other large areas of wood has a strict limit, the owner's wealth, only by aesthetics, etc. for doors, windows and other small wood decorations to reflect. With strong economic strength in the construction of a permanent home when the estate into a huge financial, human and material resources, producing countless exquisite wood carving decoration.