The determination of monotonic mechanical properties and high cycle fatigue parameters of high chromium steel (HCS) is presented. The monotonic mechanical properties (ultimate compressive and ultimate tensile strength) are determined using standardized testing procedures according to DIN 50125 standard. The high cycle fatigue parameters are determined using uniaxial fatigue test where the tests specimens are loaded with pure pulsating compression load (load ratio R=0 in compression) at different load levels. Therefore, a typical S-N curve and appropriate fatigue parameters (fatigue strength coefficient sf’ and fatigue strength exponent b) are determined. The experimental results determined in this study can serve as a basis for the determination of service life of rolls using stress-life approach. However, a few guidelines for the further research work considering increased temperatures and multiaxial fatigue are given in the conclusions of this study.