Energy Absorption Capabilities of a Square Tube System
In the present paper the authors refer about a series of experimental tests, where an aluminium alloy square tube, filled with an aluminium foam, was crushed by a longitudinal load at a speed of 10 m/s. The test apparatus consisted of a sled installed on a very stiff frame moving on appropriate guides, as the specimen was set on a home-made fixture. Two arrangements of square tubes were considered as specimens: a “standard” one and an “optimized” one. Both crushing behaviours and energy absorption capabilities were analyzed experimentally and numerically simulated by means of the explicit FE code LS-DYNA®; the complete numerical model consisted of the striker, the assemblage of square tubes and the base. A high-speed video recording system was used to capture the images from the physical test. The results from the numerical analyses were compared to those obtained from the experiments: those results showed that the force–deﬂection response had been overestimated by the numerical model. The authors attempted to justify this inconsistency by considering the influence of the strain rate parameters of the considered Cowper-Symonds analytical model on the results. It was shown that the “optimized” energy absorber exhibited a more desirable force–deﬂection response than the standard one due to some easy design changes, which involved the insertion of aluminium foam dampers.
Z. Tonković and M.H. Aliabadi
F. Caputo et al., "Energy Absorption Capabilities of a Square Tube System", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 488-489, pp. 561-564, 2012