Effect of Simulated Body Fluid on the Behaviour of Artificial Bone Composite Material Extended by Hydroxyapatite and Silicate Powders
Bone matrix consists of organic and inorganic components. Organic phase mainly contributes to flexibility of bone while inorganic phase being responsible for the rigidity and hardness of the bone. Due to the biocompatibility of ceramics many forms of them have been used as the bone replacement and as the repair material. Hydroxyapatite which also exists in the natural structure of bone is one of those ceramics used as a component of bone cement. In order to modify the physical properties of prepared bone composite structures, some additives are included within the structure. In this study, a silicate material is included as an inorganic filler together with hydroxyapatite. Bis-GMA and HEMA were used as organic matrix. The prepared composites were than immersed in SBF and FTIR, SEM, hardness analyses were performed on the samples before and after the immersion. The results were reported in later part. It was observed that the precipitation of hydroxyapatite occurred after the immersion of samples in SBF and the hardness values were increased for each sample.
Eyup Sabri Kayali, Gultekin Goller and Ipek Akin
S. Yücel et al., "Effect of Simulated Body Fluid on the Behaviour of Artificial Bone Composite Material Extended by Hydroxyapatite and Silicate Powders", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 493-494, pp. 159-165, 2012