Tribological Characterization of Porous TiO2 Coatings Produced by Electrodeposition
In this work, the resistance to scratch and wear (pin-on-flat) tests of five different porous TiO2 films were compared. Such tribological tests were carried out under dry conditions. The coatings were electrodeposited on commercially pure-Ti by anodic oxidation method in different electrolyte solutions at constant voltages. The scratch tests were conducted by applying increasing normal loads up to 400 mN. The coefficient of friction (COF) varied from 0.2 up to 0.5, and increased at larger penetrations depths. When the electrolyte concentration was changed from 0.5 into 1.0M H2SO4, the COF slightly decreased. Scanning electron microscopy indicated that the coatings produced in H2SO4/150V and Na2SO4/100V did not have their substrates revealed. In addition, the samples anodized in H2SO4/150V had the highest elastic recoveries. Therefore, such coatings seem to be more resistant to scratch tests than the others. The wear tests were carried out with Berkovich tip as counter-face under constant normal loads of 10 mN in 10 forward-backward cycles. The coatings deposited in H2SO4/150V had the lowest wear volume rates. The findings suggest that the porous Ti oxide coatings electrodeposited above their rupture voltages are more suitable to both scratch- and wear-resistance compared to those prepared at the lowest voltage (H2SO4/100V).
Eyup Sabri Kayali, Gultekin Goller and Ipek Akin
E. Santos et al., "Tribological Characterization of Porous TiO2 Coatings Produced by Electrodeposition", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 493-494, pp. 430-435, 2012