BMPs as Adsorptive Proteins for Ceramic Scaffolds
Body fluid permeability and blood compatibility of biomaterials are especially critical properties for regenerative bone therapy [1, 2]. To have a role in bone repair, biomaterials must have the adsorptive performance of various bone growth factors. The bone-inductive property of rabbit dentin was discovered in 1967 . In our previous study, we have been researching the autograft of human demineralized dentin matrices (DDM) as a clinical study . DDM is an acid-insoluble collagenous material. On the other hand, hydroxyapatite (HAp) is a mineralized material. Commercially available HAp block (APACERAM-AX®, 85%-porosity with micropore) has been used as the artificial biomaterial in bone therapy . Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are the strong hard tissue-inducing factors . In this study, we investigated the existence of BMP-2 and -7, among proteins adsorbed to DDM and HAp, using immunoblottong analyses. The DDM granules and HAp blocks (64mm3) were implanted subcutaneously in 8-week-old Wistar rats, and sacrificed at 2 days after the implantation. Explanted DDM and HAp were homogenized by the ultrasonic procedure in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and the adsorbed proteins were separated on a 5-20% sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) polyacrylamide gradient gel by electrophoresis. For Western blotting, proteins in the gel were transferred to a polyvinylidene difluoride membrane and detected by anti-BMP-2 monoclonal antibody and anti-BMP-7 monoclonal antibody. BMP-2 and BMP-7 were detected as a major band at 50 kDa among proteins collected from the in vivo implanted DDM and HAp. BMP-2 was detected the second major band at 125 kDa in HAp and both BMP-2 and BMP-7 were detected the some minor bands in DDM and HAp. The bands of BMP-2 were stronger than those of BMP-7 in all. The DDM and HAp adsorbed BMP-2 and BMP-7. These results indicate that DDM is a useful bone substitute as much as HAp, adsorbed to the bone-inducing factors, in the bone engineering field.
Eyup Sabri Kayali, Gültekin Göller and Ipek Akin
K. Ito et al., "BMPs as Adsorptive Proteins for Ceramic Scaffolds", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 493-494, pp. 808-812, 2012