BMPs as Adsorptive Proteins for Ceramic Scaffolds

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Body fluid permeability and blood compatibility of biomaterials are especially critical properties for regenerative bone therapy [1, 2]. To have a role in bone repair, biomaterials must have the adsorptive performance of various bone growth factors. The bone-inductive property of rabbit dentin was discovered in 1967 [3]. In our previous study, we have been researching the autograft of human demineralized dentin matrices (DDM) as a clinical study [4]. DDM is an acid-insoluble collagenous material. On the other hand, hydroxyapatite (HAp) is a mineralized material. Commercially available HAp block (APACERAM-AX®, 85%-porosity with micropore) has been used as the artificial biomaterial in bone therapy [5]. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are the strong hard tissue-inducing factors [6]. In this study, we investigated the existence of BMP-2 and -7, among proteins adsorbed to DDM and HAp, using immunoblottong analyses. The DDM granules and HAp blocks (64mm3) were implanted subcutaneously in 8-week-old Wistar rats, and sacrificed at 2 days after the implantation. Explanted DDM and HAp were homogenized by the ultrasonic procedure in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and the adsorbed proteins were separated on a 5-20% sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) polyacrylamide gradient gel by electrophoresis. For Western blotting, proteins in the gel were transferred to a polyvinylidene difluoride membrane and detected by anti-BMP-2 monoclonal antibody and anti-BMP-7 monoclonal antibody. BMP-2 and BMP-7 were detected as a major band at 50 kDa among proteins collected from the in vivo implanted DDM and HAp. BMP-2 was detected the second major band at 125 kDa in HAp and both BMP-2 and BMP-7 were detected the some minor bands in DDM and HAp. The bands of BMP-2 were stronger than those of BMP-7 in all. The DDM and HAp adsorbed BMP-2 and BMP-7. These results indicate that DDM is a useful bone substitute as much as HAp, adsorbed to the bone-inducing factors, in the bone engineering field.

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Periodical:

Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 493-494)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

Eyup Sabri Kayali, Gultekin Goller and Ipek Akin

Pages:

808-812

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.493-494.808

Citation:

K. Ito et al., "BMPs as Adsorptive Proteins for Ceramic Scaffolds", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 493-494, pp. 808-812, 2012

Online since:

October 2011

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$38.00

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