Hydroxyapatite/Biopolymers Composite Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering
The application of a hybrid composite consisting of biopolymer and calcium phosphate, similar morphology and properties of natural bone, may be a way to solve the problem of the fragility of ceramics without reducing its mechanical properties, retaining the properties of biocompatibility and high bioactivity. This work aims at the preparation and characterization of three-dimensional scaffolds composite HA / biopolymers (chitosan and gelatin). The freeze-drying technique was employed in this study to obtain these frameworks and partial results showed the effectiveness of this method. This involved the study of structural, chemical and morphological frameworks, in order to direct the research suggested the application. The X Ray Diffraction (XRD) and infrared spectroscopy and Fourier transform (FTIR) results confirmed the formation of hydroxyapatite (HA) phase and the presence of characteristic bands of HA and biopolymers in all compositions. The microstructure of the scaffolds study conducted by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) revealed the formation of longitudinally oriented microchannels with interconnected pores. In all compositions the porous scaffolds showed varying sizes and mostly larger than 100μm, and is therefore considered materials with potential for application in bone tissue engineering.
Eyup Sabri Kayali, Gultekin Goller and Ipek Akin
A.C.B.M. Fook et al., "Hydroxyapatite/Biopolymers Composite Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 493-494, pp. 826-831, 2012