Hydrogen Detection with Noble Metal-TiO2 Schottky Diodes
Fast detection of hydrogen at a wide concentration range is desired for many applications. We report detecting hydrogen using Au-TiO2-Ti and Ag-TiO2-Ti diodes. While hydrogen-Au and hydrogen-Ag interactions are very different, at a constant biasing voltage, the measured current in both diodes is highly sensitive to the partial pressure of hydrogen contamination in the surrounding atmosphere. Work function variations were investigated by connecting the I-V specifications to the energy barrier height established at the Au-TiO2 and Ag-TiO2 junctions. Electronic features of the devices were described based on the assumption of two different hydrogen-noble metal interactions: Hydrogen reduces Ag work function by reducing the adsorbed oxygen species from the silver surface, while Au work function is reduced by the same mechanism as well as the direct adsorption of hydrogen species to the gold surface. Both of these mechanisms result in hydrogen detection by Schottky barrier height reduction and current increase.
E. Hristoforou and D.S. Vlachos
S. Rahbarpour and F. Hossein-Babaei, "Hydrogen Detection with Noble Metal-TiO2 Schottky Diodes", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 495, pp. 289-293, 2012