With the rapid development of urbanization in China, an effective and quick approach usedto identify changes in basic farmland becomes more and more important in land use resource managementfield. While a variety of change detection approaches using multi-temporal satellite image havebeen reported, few approaches using GIS data of land use planning and single-temporal high spatialresolution satellite image have been reported. This paper proposes an object-based basic farmlandchange detection approach using single-temporal high spatial resolution satellite image and GIS dataof land use planning. Compared with the pixel-based change detection approach, the object-based approachmust be more suitable for in high spatial resolution images. To test the validity of the proposedapproach, we apply it to the actual data, and primary results reveal that the proposed approach is valid.