Effect of Earthquake on Subsequent Typhoon-Induced Landslides Using Remote Sensing Imagery in the 99 Peaks Region, Central Taiwan


Article Preview

The effect of Chi-Chi earthquake on typhoon-triggered landslides was estimated using accuracy curves method in seismic landslide hazard model. The logistic regression model and geographic information system (GIS) are chosen to perform the seismic landslide hazard analysis. An inventory map of the landslides from SPOT images taken before and after the events was used to produce a dependent variable, which takes a value of 0 and 1 for the absence and presence of landslides. A set of independent parameters include lithology, elevation, slope gradient, slope aspect, terrain roughness, land use and Arias intensity (Ia) with topographic effect. Subsequently, the logistic regression is used to find the best fitting function to describe the relationship between occurrence or non-occurrence of landslides within an individual grid cell. The decreased effect of the earthquake was measured using accuracy curves method. It found that the effect of earthquake decreases with time. The landslide events of 2004 had little correlation with the Chi-Chi earthquake. Nevertheless, after period of 5 years, the seismic intensity from the Chi-Chi earthquake might still have affected conditions of landslides in the study area.



Edited by:

David Wang






S. T. Lee et al., "Effect of Earthquake on Subsequent Typhoon-Induced Landslides Using Remote Sensing Imagery in the 99 Peaks Region, Central Taiwan", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 500, pp. 773-779, 2012

Online since:

January 2012




[1] A. Brenning, Spatial prediction models for landslide hazards: Review, comparison and evaluation, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., vol. 5, pp.853-862, (2005).

DOI: 10.5194/nhess-5-853-2005

[2] P. M. Atkinson, and R. Massari, Generalised linear modelling of susceptibility to landsliding in the central apennines, Italy, Comput. Geosci., vol. 24, pp.373-385, (1998).

DOI: 10.1016/s0098-3004(97)00117-9

[3] D. N. Rowbotham, and D. Dudycha, Gis modelling of slope stability in Phewa Tal watershed, Nepal, Geomorphology, vol. 26, pp.151-170, (1998).

DOI: 10.1016/s0169-555x(98)00056-7

[4] S. Lee, and K. Min, Statistical analysis of landslide susceptibility at Yongin, Korea, Environ. Geol., vol. 40, pp.1095-1113, (2001).

DOI: 10.1007/s002540100310

[5] L. Ayalew, and H. Yamagishi, The application of GIS-based logistic regression for landslide susceptibility mapping in the Kakuda-Yahiko mountains, central Japan, Geomorphology, vol. 65, pp.15-31, (2005).

DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2004.06.010

[6] J. Mathew, V. K. Jha, and G. S. Rawat, Application of binary logistic regression analysis and its validation for landslide susceptibility mapping in part of Garhwal himalaya, India, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol. 28, pp.2257-2275, (2007).

DOI: 10.1080/01431160600928583

[7] K. T. Chang, S. H. Chiang, and F. Lei, Analysing the relationship between typhoon-triggered landslides and critical rainfall conditions, Earth Surf. Process. Landf., vol. 33, pp.1261-1271, (2008).

DOI: 10.1002/esp.1611

[8] M. J. Garcia-Rodriguez, J. A. Malpica, B. Benito, and M. Diaz, Susceptibility assessment of earthquake-triggered landslides in El Salvador using logistic regression, Geomorphology, vol. 95, pp.172-191, (2008).

DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2007.06.001

[9] I. Yilmaz, Landslide susceptibility mapping using frequency ratio, logistic regression, artificial neural networks and their comparison: A case study from Kat landslides (Tokat-Turkey), Comput. Geosci., vol. 35, pp.1125-1138, (2009).

DOI: 10.1016/j.cageo.2008.08.007

[10] K. T. Chang, S. H. Chiang, and M. L. Hsu, Modeling typhoon- and earthquake-induced landslides in a mountainous watershed using logistic regression, Geomorphology, vol. 89, pp.335-347, (2007).

DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.12.011

[11] W. F. Peng, C. L. Wang, S. T. Chen , and S. T. Lee, A seismic landslide hazard analysis with topographic effect, a case study in the 99 peaks region, central Taiwan, Environ. Geol., vol. 57, pp.537-549, (2009).

DOI: 10.1007/s00254-008-1323-z

[12] W. F. Peng, C. L. Wang, S. T. Chen , and S. T. Lee, Incorporating the effects of topographic amplification and sliding areas in the modeling of earthquake-induced landslide hazards, using the cumulative displacement method, Computers & Geosciences, Vol. 35, pp.946-966, (2009).

DOI: 10.1016/j.cageo.2008.09.007

[13] Central geological survey of Taiwan: http: /www. moeacgs. gov. tw, (2008).

[14] S. C. Chen, and C. H. Wu, Slope stabilization and landslide size on mt. 99 peaks after chichi earthquake in Taiwan, Environ. Geol., vol. 50, pp.623-636, (2006).

DOI: 10.1007/s00254-006-0236-y

[15] W. Lo, L. C. Wu, and H. W. Chen, Geologic map and explanatory text of Taiwan, sheet 25: Kouhsing, Central Geological Survey, Taipei, Taiwan, (1999).

[16] D. W. Hosmer, and S. Lemeshow, Applied logistic regression, Wiley, New York, (1989).

[17] P. Atkinson, H. Jiskoot, R. Massari, and T. Murray, Generalized linear modelling in geomorphology, Earth Surf. Process. Landf., vol. 23, pp.1185-1195, (1998).

DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1096-9837(199812)23:13<1185::aid-esp928>3.0.co;2-w

[18] F. Guzzetti, A. Carrara, M. Cardinali, and P. Reichenbach, Landslide hazard evaluation: A review of current techniques and their application in a multi-scale study, central italy, Geomorphology, vol. 31, pp.181-216, (1999).

DOI: 10.1016/s0169-555x(99)00078-1

[19] F. C. Dai, , and C. F. Lee, Landslides on natural terrain - physical characteristics and susceptibility mapping in Hong Kong, Mt. Res. Dev., vol. 22, pp.40-47, (2002).

[20] G. C. Ohlmacher, and J. C. Davis, Using multiple logistic regression and gis technology to predict landslide hazard in northeast Kansas, USA, Eng. Geol., vol. 69, pp.331-343, (2003).

DOI: 10.1016/s0013-7952(03)00069-3

[21] C. J. Chung, A. F. Fabbri, Sensitivity analysis of quantitative prediction models based on map overlays: an application to landslide hazard zonation, Proceedings of the Int. Congr, Geomorphology, Bologna, Italy, 28 August–3 September (1999).

In order to see related information, you need to Login.