Numerical Simulations of Clay Tiles Compression
During the pressing step, the clay tiles undergo stresses which result in the appearance of defects. A rheological study, based on free compression tests, allowed to confirm the Elasto-visco-plastic behaviour of the clay. The different constitutive parameters were estimated by fitting the force-displacement experimental curves using the optimisation algorithm (ES Metamodel) implanted in the commercial software Forge 2009®. The influence of the tribological parameters was studied using squeezing numerical simulations of a full tile. The numerical model was validated with experimental squeezing test of technological specimen with a tile lug. Then, we have compared experimental force with the numerical one and deduced that the clay/tool interface is not perfectly sliding. A friction Tresca’s law was used to model the clay/tool interface. Numerical results showed that the actual geometry of tile lug didn’t allow to form correctly the tile. Several areas undergo tensile stress, air traps ,... A new geometry of tile lug was proposed in order to limit this phenomenon. Using a simplified defect criteria (Latham and Cockroft), the numerical model allowed to locate the areas where there is a risk of crack.
M. Merklein and H. Hagenah
J. Vignes et al., "Numerical Simulations of Clay Tiles Compression", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 504-506, pp. 1403-1408, 2012