Synthesize Ti3SiC2 from TiH2 by Pressureless Sintering
In this paper, titanium silicon carbide (Ti3SiC2) powders were synthesized from TiH2 as Ti source by pressureless sintering in flowing argon atmosphere without preliminary dehydrogenation. Starting materials are powder mixtures with the mole ratio of 3TiH2/Si/2C or 3TiH2/SiC/C. Both kinds of starting materials were sintered in a tube furnace at the temperature range from 1300°C to 1500°C for 10~180min in flowing argon atmosphere. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to characterize the phase compositions and morphology of the products after different treatments. It was showed that almost single phase Ti3SiC2 powder (94.7 wt.%) can be synthesized by pressureless sintering from 3TiH2/Si/2C powders at 1400~1425°C for about 180min or from 3TiH2/SiC/C powders at 1425~1500°C for about 180min. From SEM micrographs, as-synthesized samples were porous. Most plate-like grains were about 5~10 μm in diameter and 1~2 μm in thickness. The speed of temperature increasing is an important factor to affect the purity of as-synthesized Ti3SiC2.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
L. Li et al., "Synthesize Ti3SiC2 from TiH2 by Pressureless Sintering", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 512-515, pp. 676-680, 2012