Synthesis and Characterization of Magnetite Particles by Co-Precipitation Method


Article Preview

The Fe3O4 nanoparticles with different diameters were prepared by co-precipitation method in this paper. Magnetite particles with different diameters were fabricated by changing the concentration of the reactants and the reaction temperature. The influences of process parameters on the microstructure and properties of magnetic nanopariticles were studied. The obtained samples were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction and scanning electronic microscopy. Besides, vibrating sample magnetmeter was used to characterize the magnetic properties. The results show that all the as-synthesized magnetite nanoparticles are well crystallized and can be indexed into spinel structure. The appearance and magnetism of the particles with different diameter are different from each other. When the ratio of Fe3+ and Fe2+ is 2:1 or 4:3, the product was pure and good crystalline. Furthermore, higher saturation magnetization was obtained in a higher bath temperature.



Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 512-515)

Edited by:

Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong




M. Y. Li and X. D. Sui, "Synthesis and Characterization of Magnetite Particles by Co-Precipitation Method", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 512-515, pp. 82-85, 2012

Online since:

June 2012




[1] J. Drbohlavova, R. Hrdy, V. Adam, R. Kizek, O. Schneeweiss, J. Hubalek. Preparation and properties of various magnetic nanoparticles, Sensors. 9 (2009) 2352-2362.


[2] T.K. Indira, P.K. Lakshmi. Magnetic nanoparticles-a review, Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Nanotechnology. 3 (2010) 1035-1042.

[3] Y.S. Liu, P. Liu, Z.X. Su, F.S. Li, F.S. Wen, Attapulgite-Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles via co-precipitation technique, Appl. Surf. Sci. 255 (2008) 2020-(2025).


[4] K.D. Kim, S.S. Kim, Y.H. Choa, H.T. Kim. Formation and surface modification of Fe3O4 nanoparticles by co- precipitation and sol-gel method, J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 13 (2007) 1137-1141.

[5] S. Wu, A.Z. Sun, F.Q. Zhai, J. Wang, W.H. Xu, Q. Zhang, A.A. Volinsky. Fe3O4 megnetic nanoparticles synthesis by ultrasonic chemical co- precipitation, Mater. Lett. 65 (2011) 1882-1884.


[6] L.P. Danescu, A. Morega, G. Telipan, V. Stoica. Nanoparticles of ferrofluid Fe3O4 synthetised by coprecipitation method used in microactuation process, Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 4 (2010) 1182-1186.